The 'Lion' flag may have been used as early as 1143 by King William I, and may have been made famous by King Richard I of England ( Richard the Lion Heart) later in the 12 century.
The ferocious looking lion, or 'rampant' lion seems to be an appropriate symbol for Scotland, a country with fierce national pride.
Officially (and historically) the Lion Rampant Flag is only allowed to be flown by a Scottish monarch... and today it is traditionally flown at royal residences when Queen Elizabeth II, the Queen of the British Isles, is NOT in residence. King George V gave permission for Lion Rampant flags to be waved by the public during his Silver Jubilee celebrations in 1935, but if anyone wants to fly one from a flagpole or building they do still need to get special permission.
12x6 oil on canvas.